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  • China tightens strategic control of rare earthsAsia Times

     · According to the Rare Earth Technology Alliance (RETA) the estimated size of the rare earth sector is between 10 billion and 15 billion. About 100 000 tonnes of rare earth elements are produced annually around the world. China s exports of rare earths have been decreasing in recent years. The total export of rare earths was down to

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  • The only five rare earth elements that matterMINING

     · The Rhodia plant in La Rochelle was built approximately 40 years ago and was one of the first solvent extraction plants in the world purpose-built to separate the rare earths the other being the

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  • Electric Car Makers Seek Substitutes for Rare Earth Metals

     · Rare earths are needed for the electronics renewable energy and defense industries. Because some can generate a continuous magnetic force the magnets they make are known as permanent magnets.

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  • What are rare earth elements and why are they important

     · Rare Earths Statistics and Information (Website) U.S. Geological Survey Portal for information on annual production price and use of rare earth elements since 1997 plus links to further information. The Rare Earth ElementsVital to Modern Technologies and Lifestyles (Factsheet) U.S. Geological Survey

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  • Rare Earth MagnetsExplanation Types Applications and

    Rare earth magnets are made from the rare earth elements whose atomic numbers are between 57 and 71. The most common and strongest rare earth magnet is obtained from the alloys of neodymium boron and iron. To make rare earth magnets solid ingots of neodymium boron and iron are ground into powder. This process of making a rare earth magnet

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  • Can You Name All 17 Rare Earth Elements

     · According to the USGS "The rare earths are a relatively abundant group of 17 elements composed of scandium yttrium and the lanthanides. (Try naming all 17 before looking at the chart below.) The elements range in crustal abundance from cerium the 25th most abundant element of the 78 common elements in the Earth s crust at 60 parts per

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  • Japan pioneers extracting rare-earth elements from the

     · Japan pioneers extracting rare-earth elements from the deep sea. Muds found at roughly 6 000m are an untapped source of resources vital to renewable batteries and other advanced technologies. To

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  • Mineral Rare Earth Elements Analyzer Thermo Fisher

    Mineral Rare Earth Elements Analyzers. Portable X-ray fluorescence (XRF) technology can be used in a wide range of mineralogical and geological exploration markets one of which is the mining of Rare Earth Elements (REEs). REEs are defined as the 15 lanthanides plus scandium (Sc) and yttrium (Y) and they are critical components in consumer

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  • Electric vehicle traction motors without rare earth

     · The sintered Neodymium Iron Boron (NdFeB) hard magnetic material was patented by Sumitomo Special Metals in 1983 () and brought about a step change in terms of electric motor performance.Neodymium is a member of the family of materials known as Light Rare Earth Elements (LREE) along with others including for example Lanthanum (used in optics) and Samarium (also used in magnetic materials).

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  • REERare Earth ElementsMetals Minerals Mining Uses

     · When China began selling rare earths at very low prices in the late 1980s and early 1990s mines in the United States were forced to close because they could no longer make a profit. 1 When China cut exports in 2010 rare earth prices skyrocketed. That motivated new production in the United States Australia Russia Thailand Malaysia and

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  • How do we use rare earth elements American

     · Rare Earths Statistics and Information (Website) U.S. Geological Survey Portal for information on annual production price and use of rare earth elements since 1997 plus links to further information. Rare Earth ElementsEnd Use and Recyclability (Report) U.S. Geological Survey 2011 report on established and newer markets for rare earth

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  • China s rare earth exports plunge 69.1 in July disrupted

     · Eighty percent of the rare earths imported by the United States were from China and used in its defense systems and high-tech industry. (Cover A machine selects raw materials with high content of rare earths at a mine in Bayan Obo north China s Inner

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  • The Rare Earth MythSupChina

    1 hour ago · Rare earths and export bans. Rare earths a group of 17 metals near the bottom of the periodic table are to industry what vitamins are to people. Found in everything from renewable energy generation to electric vehicles to network infrastructure and military weapons they make everything faster lighter and stronger.

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  • Rare Earth Recycling Department of Energy

     · Recycling rare-earth-containing products would provide a steady domestic source of rare earths to manufacturers while also reducing waste. Currently the main roadblock to recycling rare earth elements is the cost required to purify the mixtures obtained from consumer devices.

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  • Rare earths outside China Researchers identify new deposits

     · Rare earth elements are the gold of the 21st century rare and highly prized all over the world. Most known and economically viable sources of rare earths are

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  • Importance of Rare Earth Elements (REEs) soars as Demand

     · Rare earths are instrumental components in a myriad of high-tech devices such as smartphones cameras computer hard disks fluorescent and

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  • Rare Earths Processing Equipment Process Flow Cases

     · The rare earth ore radiation ore dressing is to use the y-radiation machine to sort the rare earth ore and gangue minerals by using the different radon content in the rare earth ore and gangue species. The general radiation beneficiation method is mostly used for the pre-selection of rare earth ores. Electrical selection

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  • The only five rare earth elements that matterMINING

     · The Rhodia plant in La Rochelle was built approximately 40 years ago and was one of the first solvent extraction plants in the world purpose-built to separate the rare earths the other being the

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  • The U.S. Needs China For Rare Earth Minerals Not For

     · The mountain contains five out of six light rare earths (such as neodymium) 10 out of 11 heavy rare earths (dysprosium for example) and all five permanent magnet materials.

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  • Rare Earth MagnetsExplanation Types Applications and

    Rare earth magnets are made from the rare earth elements whose atomic numbers are between 57 and 71. The most common and strongest rare earth magnet is obtained from the alloys of neodymium boron and iron. To make rare earth magnets solid ingots of neodymium boron and iron are ground into powder. This process of making a rare earth magnet

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  • Rare Earth Elements (Metals)List

     · The rare earth elements (REEs) or rare earth metals (REMs) are a group of metals found within the same ores and possessing similar chemical properties. Scientists and engineers disagree on exactly which element should be included in a list of the rare earths but they generally include the fifteen lanthanide elements plus scandium and yttrium.

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  • Hydrometallurgy of Rare Earths ScienceDirect

    Solvent extraction-separation is the main method to separate rare earths. The main extractants used in extraction-separation of rare earths are HEH (EHP) HDEHP Cyanex 272 N235 N1923 and so on. This chapter systematically discusses their extraction mechanism properties and features of rare earths including the effects of solvents type

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  • What 60 Minutes Got Wrong About Rare Earths And China

     · China does not currently have a monopoly nor 90 of the supply of rare earths. 60 Minutes is also wrong on the geology and metallurgy of the rare earths. We do not need to have mines to produce

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  • Rare Earths Processing Equipment Process Flow Cases

     · The rare earth ore radiation ore dressing is to use the y-radiation machine to sort the rare earth ore and gangue minerals by using the different radon content in the rare earth ore and gangue species. The general radiation beneficiation method is mostly used for the pre-selection of rare

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  • The World s Biggest Producers of Rare Earth Elements

     · The World s Biggest Producers of Rare Earth Elements. Gadolinium is an example of a rare Earth element. The IUPAC classify 17 elements with similar properties that are generally found within the same ore as rare earth elements. Fifteen of the elements belong to the same series and are referred to as lanthanides while the other two scandium and

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  • Loosening China s grip on rare-earth metalsThe

     · Loosening China s grip on rare-earth metals. By Editorial Board. March 15 2012. THE PEOPLE S REPUBLIC of China controls 97 percent of the world s supply of rare

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  • Rare Earth Salts Home Supplying Global Innovation

    Rare Earth Salts has generated patent pending technology that can revitalize the rare earth industry in the US and could potentially relocate hundreds of high technology companies back to the US. Furthermore the patent pending process removes many of the environmentally damaging processes of current rare earth oxide refining while greatly reducing the overall cost of refining the individual

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  • China Wrestles with the Toxic Aftermath of Rare Earth

     · Beginning in the 1990s rare earth mining took off in this region located in Southeast China about 300 miles north of Hong Kong. As China began to produce more smartphones wind turbines electric vehicles and other high-tech products requiring rare earth elements the mining intensified. But the removal of these elements from the earth s

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  • 4 Rare Earth Elements That Will Only Get More Important

     · "Rare earth" stuck but the elements themselves turned out to be pretty common mixed in small concentrations into rock the world over. Lanthanum first

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  • What are rare earths used for BBC News

     · "Rare earths" are a group of 17 chemically similar elements crucial to the manufacture of many hi-tech products. Despite their name most are abundant in nature but are hazardous to extract.

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  • China tightens strategic control of rare earthsAsia Times

     · According to the Rare Earth Technology Alliance (RETA) the estimated size of the rare earth sector is between 10 billion and 15 billion. About 100 000 tonnes of rare earth elements are produced annually around the world. China s exports of rare earths have been decreasing in recent years. The total export of rare earths was down to

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  • How Are Rare Earth Elements Used CNBC

     · Rare earth metals are used in cellphones electric-vehicle batteries fluorescent lights defense clean energy and much more. The global rare earth market is expected to grow in value from 8.1

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